Heatwave #heatstroke vs #heatexhaustion

Welcome to summer! It’s that time of year again where the temperature rises, and more people start to go outside due to the beautiful sun in the sky. With climbing temperatures however, come the risk of encountering heatwaves.

What is a Heatwave?

A heat wave is defined as a prolonged period of abnormally hot weather, which may be accompanied by high humidity. A heat wave is a spell of three or more days where each day, the maximum ‘shade temperature’ reaches or exceeds 90°F (32.2°C). More realistically, the criteria for any one region is dependant upon the normal conditions of that area. For example, it is warmer in the south, so people in that region would be accustomed to warmer weather than those who live further north. Heatwaves can cause heat strokes and heat exhaustion.

How to Prepare for a Heatwave

Wear Loose Fitting and Lightweight Clothing

Wearing loose clothing allows air to pass through the skin, speeding up the process of evaporation and carrying the excess heat off. If your clothing is too tight, your skin won't get enough air circulating around it will consequently induce sweat. Not only does it induce excessive sweating, it also makes you sweat faster. Wearing loose-fitting, cotton-based clothing gives your skin the chance to breathe.


Wear Sunscreen

Wearing sunscreen is a must, especially in these summer months. Wearing sunscreen protects against sunburns which is very important. Sunscreen protects your skin against the sun’s strong ultraviolet (UV) rays which are responsible for sunburns. You also need to make sure to use a sunblock with SPF 30 or more.

Drink Plently of Fluids

The is a huge importance to drink lots of fluids and by fluids, I mean water. Not alcoholic drinks, drinks that have been caffeinated, or drinks that are sugary. Drinking these kinds of drinks will actually make you lose more fluids. Even if you’re not thirsty, you should still drink lots of water. By not drinking water, you put yourself at risk for becoming dehydrated due to the way the body responds to hot temperatures.

Aviod Going Out During the Hottest Part of the Day

Try not to go out during 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. as they are typically the hottest.

Take it Easy

The hot weather causes fatigue due to dehydration. Know your limits and don’t ‘overdo’ activities. You get exhausted fast.

Signs of Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion

Emergency Magement & Training Inc.

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